Orthodontics for Childrens / Kids / Teenagers
Removable braces, so-called plates, are mostly used in children with some deciduous teeth.
Functional orthodontic devices such as bionator, activator or twin block influence jaw growth with the aim of a normal bite and at the same time normalize muscular imbalances in the mouth.
In order to achieve successful treatment, the wearing times must be observed. These are between 14 and 22 hours a day. Since the treatment options for loose braces are limited, treatment with fixed braces follows in many cases.
The fixed braces, colloquially called “Plättlispange” or “Gartenhag”, are most often used for orthodontic corrections. It is usually used when all permanent teeth are broken. With sufficient jaw bone, teeth can be straightened at any age.
In children and adolescents, a fixed brace is often chosen when the permanent teeth are in breakthrough and space is needed for them. Generally, fixed braces are used for all corrections of misaligned teeth as soon as the permanent teeth are broken. Also in adults a correction of malocclusions by fixed braces is possible.
Fixed braces consist of brackets, bands and bows. Therefore, they are also referred to as multi-band or multi-bracket equipment.
Brackets are small holding bars or holding plates that are attached to the tooth surfaces with special adhesives. The thin bands of metal are usually attached to the back teeth. In the tapes and brackets then wire bends are fitted. The tension of the archwires is transferred to the brackets which exert on each individual tooth the respectively desired, continuous tension or pressure. Since the information about the respective desired effect in the structure of the respective bracket itself is, such brackets are also called “programmed brackets”. Depending on the treatment phase, different materials and diameters are used for.
The majority of adolescents today wear strong braces with metal brackets, which unfortunately are hard to miss. To aesthetically enhance metal brackets, instead of wires, colorful rubber rings can be used to secure the archwires in the brackets. These so-called Alastics are available in many colors today.
A more aesthetically appealing variant are transparent ceramic brackets, which are noticeably less noticeable.
The tooth-colored ceramic brackets are glued to the outside of the teeth. They are more aesthetic than metal brackets because they are hardly noticeable due to their transparency. For this reason, they are popular with both teenagers and adults.
Invisalign Kids can also be used on adolescents as long as all permanent teeth are broken. This is usually the case from the age of 12. These aesthetic splints are suitable for simple to moderate misalignments. Complex deformations are better treated with fixed braces.
Unfortunately, after orthodontic treatment, the teeth do not stay in their new, straight position. With a retainer, your teeth remain in the desired position.
We look forward to advising you about your child’s orthodontic treatment.